Contraceptive methods are not one-size-fits-all. Picking a method that fits your life is one of the keys to success. Only you can decide which method is best for you. Sometimes figuring out this information can be overwhelming.
Remember, abstinence is the only 100 percent effective way to reduce the risk of unplanned pregnancy. If you choose to be sexually active, you can reduce your risk of unplanned pregnancy by using effective birth control consistently and correctly. Below
is a list of contraceptive methods.
Having an understanding of your monthly fertility pattern can help prevent unplanned pregnancy. Your fertility pattern is the number of days in the month when you are fertile. It also helps to track the days when you are infertile and when fertility is
unlikely. If you do not want to get pregnant, you do not engage in sexual activity on the days you are fertile, or use an alternative method of birth control, such as a condom. This method has a typical use failure rate of 24 percent.
The fertility method does not protect you from STIs unless you are using an alternative method of birth control, such as a male or female condom. In this case, your risk of contracting an STI may decrease.
Contraceptive sterilization is a permanent, safe, and effective approach to birth control if you do not desire a pregnancy in the future. Sterilization methods have a typical use failure rate of less than 1 percent. Below are list of sterilization methods.
For more information on these methods, please consult your medical provider.
Emergency contraception is not a regular birth control method. It can be used within 120 hours of an episode of unprotected intercourse, including after no birth control was used during consensual sex, if the birth control method failed (i.e.,
condom broke), or in cases of
sexual assault. There are two emergency contraceptive methods:
One of the most widely used methods of emergency contraceptive is Plan B. This emergency contraception pill is a progestin birth control pill containing Levonorgestrel in a special dosage designated for use as emergency contraception. Plan B works by
(1) preventing ovulation; (2) temporarily altering the uterine lining; (3) reducing the changes of fertilization in the fallopian tube. Emergency contraceptive pills are not
Mifepristone (often referred to as the “abortion pill”).
Health Service offers several contraceptive and sexual health services. Visit the
Women’s Health webpage for more information about these services.
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Disclaimer: This site is a resource for IUP students. It is not intended to replace consultation with your medical providers.
IUP Health Service staff members are available to treat and give medical advice to IUP students. Visit the
IUP Health Service website for more information.
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