A paper by Ben Ford, Department of Anthropology, “Integrated Archaeological and Geological Survey of Black River Bay, Lake Ontario,” was presented at the fourteenth annual World Lake Conference, October 31–November 4, 2011.
The World Lake Conference is a biennial conference organized by the International Lake Environment Committee Foundation.
The paper, coauthored with Katie Farnsworth (Geoscience), Carrie Sowden, and Scott Harris, was part of an invited technical session entitled “Diving and Archaeology.” The paper discussed work conducted over the past four years by an interdisciplinary team of archaeologists and geologists investigating portions of the Black River Bay, Lake Ontario, with a variety of techniques ranging from a site-specific probing survey to a geophysical (side-scan sonar, sub-bottom profiler, and magnetometer) survey of the navigable portions of the bay. While the initial focus of this work was War of 1812 shipwrecks, the investigations have expanded to include techniques often reserved for land (i.e., ground-penetrating radar), and questions focused on geologic and anthropogenic environmental processes. The objectives, methods, and preliminary results will be summarized, and the benefits of integrating geology and archaeology in similar submerged investigations were discussed.