The Anthropology Department was well represented at the Annual Conference on Historical and Underwater Archaeology, held by the Society for Historical Archaeology in January 2012. Professor Ben Ford; Professor Beverly Chiarulli; current master's candidate Donna Smith; and young alumni Angela Jaillet, Jonathan Libbon, and Jeff Meyer presented on IUP archaeological investigations.
Ford co-authored three papers on recent work performed in Black River Bay, Lake Ontario, with the IUP Geoscience Department. He co-wrote “Results from the Archaeological and Geoscience Survey of Black River Bay, Lake Ontario” and “Collaborative Archaeological and Geoscience Survey of Black River Bay, Lake Ontario” with Professor Katie Farnsworth of the Geoscience Department, Carrie Sowden (Great Lakes Historical Society), and Scott Harris (College of Charleston). He co-wrote “Through-Ice Ground-Penetrating Radar on Lake Ontario: The Search for the Ice Gunboat” with Peter Leach (John Milner Associates).
The three papers provide updates on the ongoing War of 1812 Shipwrecks project, which is attempting to locate two wrecks that happened during the war in Lake Ontario. The goal is to study their construction techniques and how they effected the deposition of sediments in the Black River Bay. Its important teaching role is to provide cross-training for Geoscience and Anthropology students in the methods of marine remote sensing.
Chiarulli and Smith coauthored with Eleanor King (Howard University) a poster titled “Geophysical Investigations of Two Locales Near Hermosa, New Mexico,” describing investigations conducted in 2009–2011 by the Gila Archaeological Project.
The project investigated two areas adjacent to the abandoned 19th-century mining town of Hermosa. From preliminary surface surveys and information from local informants, one area was thought to have been the location of a community school and the other a blacksmith shop. For comparison, sample grids were established at the locales and then surveyed using ground-penetrating radar, conductivity, and magnetic susceptibility instruments, as well as systematic surface and metal detector surveys. The use of multiple geophysical instruments provided a more detailed picture of subsurface features than single instruments could. The results allow evaluation of the effectiveness of each instrument in this environmental setting.
Jaillet, Libbon, and Meyer, all 2011 graduates of the master's program in Applied Archaeology, presented papers derived from their theses. Jaillet presented “Beyond Big Words: A Methodological Approach to LiDAR in Historical Archaeology,” and Libbon presented “George Washington in a Redcoat: Fort Necessity Revealed.” Meyer presented “Consumption in the Lab: A Study of the Consumer Behavior of Enrollees in a Civilian Conservation Corps Camp” and chaired a session sponsored by the SHA Technology Committee.
Read abstracts of these papers at the SHA online conference program.