Anthropology Department undergraduate students—Michael Deemer, Jordan Galentine, Michele Troutman, Brandon Foster, and Emily Poeppel—participated in a poster session at the Society for American Archaeology annual meeting in Memphis, Tenn., on April 20, 2012.
“Heating It Up At the Johnston Site”
This experimental study examines the use of heat treatment on the raw materials found in the Johnston site assemblage, the attributes of heated flakes from these materials, and their presence in the collections. The Johnston site is a Late Prehistoric site located in Indiana County, near Blairsville. Excavations have yielded several samples from tool manufacturing, though little research has been conducted on how heat treatment had been used at this site. This study examines if heat treatment was used during tool manufacturing, how raw materials are affected by heating, and if heat treatment is recognizable in the artifacts.
“Lithic Analysis: The Raw Materials Present in the Lithic Artifacts of the Johnston Site (36In2)”
Pre-Columbian people in Western Pennsylvania relied on stone tools in most of their daily activities. Native stone tools were made from a variety of raw material types; some available as local resources and others imported from long distances. An understanding of the techniques used to manufacture the artifacts has been used by archaeologists to study trade patterns and identify locally available materials. This research focuses on an analysis of the production stage that different materials are brought in to Monongahela Culture villages in Indiana County, Pennsylvania—more specifically, from the Johnston site (36In2).
“Revised Results of Rim Sherd Analysis of Crooked Creek Sites and the Johnston Site”
The Crooked Creek watershed in Western Pennsylvania is a puzzling area, where cultures blend creating an interesting mixture of traits. This is considered a “grey” area, between two better-known Late Prehistoric cultures, the Monongahela and McFate. Last year at the SAA conference, I presented the results of my analysis of rim sherds. This year, I have built upon my results to give a more rounded view of the Crooked Creek cultural tradition.
“Using Magnetic Susceptibility Surveys to Map Late Prehistoric Sites in Western Pennsylvania”
Late Prehistoric villages are the largest and most complicated prehistoric sites in Western Pennsylvania. Magnetic susceptibility has been used as a first step in the investigation of sites to better define the site boundaries and areas of intense occupation. Using a methodology described by Burk (Pecora and Burks 2007), a Bartington MS2 magnetic susceptibility meter with the MS2D field loop, site areas can be quickly surveyed to locate site boundaries. This initial step was then followed by more intensive surveys to define occupation areas. This poster presents the results of this investigation.