Archaeologists Receive NSF-Funded Geophysical Instruments

Posted on 11/29/2012 2:02:13 PM

In September 2012, IUP faculty members Beverly Chiaurlli, Ben Ford, Sarah Neusius, and Phil Neusius from the Anthropology Department and Scott Moore from the History Department were awarded a National Science Foundation Major Research Instrumentation award for the purchase of an IDS Stream X Multiple Array Ground Penetrating Radar Unit and a Leica ScanStation C-10.

Archaeologists with IDS StreamXBoth instruments are now on campus and will be used in Spring 2013 for a variety of research projects.

Photo: Archaeologists Bev Chiarulli, Sarah Neusius, and Ben Ford (L to R) with the IDS StreamX

Multichannel (array) ground penetrating radar systems are the latest GPR technology. These systems have been available only in the last few years and are used by only a few universities in the world. The IDS Stream X is the first multiple array instrument to receive general approval for use in the United States by the FCC. In these instruments, the radar array is comprised of several antenna/receiver pairs. Multiple lines of data are acquired simultaneously as the array moves along the surface. As objects come into view, their shape, size, and position can clearly be seen. IUP is one of the first universities in the U.S. to acquire this instrumentation.

The Leica ScanStation C10 is the most effective type of 3D scanner, a pulsed scanner, in a compact platform. It features major advances in productivity, versatility, and ease-of-use for as-built and topographic High-Definition Surveying (HDS). All-in-one scanner capabilities give users the advantage of high-accuracy, long-range scanning plus the advantage of fast, full-dome interior scanning in one instrument.

They will expand our ability to train IUP graduate and undergraduate students in critical and rapidly developing technologies as well as give students from other universities opportunities to participate in using these state-of-the-art instruments in collaborative projects.

Following graduation, most IUP students in anthropology, archaeology, and history pursue careers that require technical skills in surveying and mapping expertise. IUP provides students with opportunities to learn and apply these skills. No less significant, the instrumentation would also ensure that the faculty remains current in the use of this advanced technology and methods for incorporating it their classes and training programs. Third, owing to the fact that our projects are carried out throughout the U.S. and abroad in conjunction with multiple research institutes or universities, the use of these instruments will result in the dissemination of knowledge of these advanced technologies and novel interpretive paradigms to other parts of the world.