Ben Ford and Michael Whitehead presented recent research on Fort Necessity National Battlefield at the 30th annual Jumonville French and Indian War Seminar, hosted by the Braddock Road Preservation Association, on November 3, 2018.
This paper summarized research conducted by IUP Anthropology at Fort Necessity since 2015. Through geophysical investigations, archaeological excavations, and metal detecting, IUP archaeologists identified several features and many artifacts associated with the French and Native American assault on George Washington and his troop on July 3, 1754. The archaeology also fulfilled many of the Park’s obligations to account for cultural resources ahead of a planned restoration of the Great Meadow surrounding the fort.
The major finding was the French and Native American firing potions during the battle. Through geographic information system (GIS) modelling of fired British balls, dropped French balls, and other military items such as buttons and gun parts, the archaeology significantly added to the understanding of how the battle developed.
The Jumonville French and Indian War Seminar is an annual event hosted by the Braddock Road Preservation Association.It brings together national experts and authors on the French and Indian War to discuss recent research on this important period in American history.
Mikewhitehead, a graduate of the IUP Applied Archaeology MA program, served as the field director for this project, and Ford was the principal investigator.
This research was funded by the National Park Service through the Cooperative Ecosystem Study Units Network (CESU). Advanced Metal Detecting for the Archaeologist (AMDA) assisted with the metal detection.
Department of Anthropology